Hellenic Journal of Psychology

Volume 17, 2020

ΙSSN 1790-1391

Legally responsible

Panayiota Metallidou

President of the Psychological Society of Northern Greece
School of Psychology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 541 24 Thessaloniki, Greece. Phone: +30-2310-997972. E-mail: pmetall@psy.auth.gr


Editor-in-Chief: Anastasia Efklides, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Associate Editor: Andreas Brouzos, University of Ioannina, Greece
Associate Editor: Panayiota Stavrussi, University of Thessaly, Greece

Editorial Board

Alessandro Antonietti, University of Sacred Heart, Italy
Irini Dermitzaki, University of Thessaly, Greece
Maria Dikaiou, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Sophia-Eleftheria Gonida, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Marios Goudas, University of Thessaly, Greece
George Grouios, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Konstantinos Kafetsios, University of Crete, Greece
Evangelos Karademas, University of Crete, Greece
Gregoris Kiosseoglou, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Mary H. Kosmidis, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Shulamith Kreitler, Tel-Aviv University, Israel
Panayiota Metallidou, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Plousia Misailidi, University of Ioannina, Greece
Robert Neimeyer, University of Memphis, USA

Markku Niemivirta, University of Helsinki, Finland
Maria Platsidou, University of Macedonia, Greece
Pagona Roussi, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Wolfgang Schnotz, University of Koblenz-Landau, Landau, Germany
Georgios D. Sideridis, University of Athens, Greece
Georgia Stephanou, University of Western Macedonia, Greece
Yannis Theodorakis, University of Thessaly, Greece
Maria Tzouriadou, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Haralambos Tsorbatzoudis, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Stephanos Vassilopoulos, University of Patras, Greece
Marja Vauras, University of Turku, Finland
Symeon Vlachopoulos, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Filippos Vlachos, University of Thessaly, Greece


ALPHABET S.A., Vrilissou 80, Poligono, 114 76 Athens, Greece. Tel: +30-210-646686

Issue 1

Teachers’ self-efficacy, perceived administrative support and positive attitude toward students: Their effect on coping with job-related stress

Ioannis G. Katsantonis
University of Patras, Grecce


This study aimed at investigating the impact of teachers’ self-efficacy, perceptions of administrative support and positive attitude toward students on coping with job-related stress. A sample of 100 in-service primary and pre-primary state-school teachers fromthe urban region of Patras filled out four short measures on teachers’ self-efficacy, perceived administrative support, positive attitude toward students, and coping with job-related stress. Results indicated statistically significant correlations of teachers’ self-efficacy, perceived administrative support, and positive attitude toward students with coping with job-related stress. However, only teachers’ self-efficacy and positive attitude toward students predicted coping with job-related stress. The findings underscore the importance of the person as compared to institutional factors in the development of coping with job-related stress.

Keywords: Coping with job-related stress, Perceived administrative support, Positive attitude toward students, Self-efficacy, Teachers’ job-related stress

Address: Ioannis Katsantonis, Eleftherias 14, Agios Vasileios, Patras, 26504, Greece. E-mail: ioanniskatsantonis@upnet.gr

Acknowledgement: The author thanks Professor emerita A. Efklides and the two anonymous reviewers for their constructive feedback.

Psychometric properties of the Bangla version of PSS-10: Is it a single-factor measure or not?

Md. Nurul Islam
University of Chittagong, Bangladesh


The Bangla version of the Perceived Stress Scale(PSS-B) is a popular and widely used measure in Bangladesh. Despite its popularity, it has never been validated among nonclinical samples in the country.The present study examined the psychometric properties of the PSS-B in a sample of 300 respondents. A two-factor structure was found in EFA performed on half of the sample (Sample 1, n = 150), explaining 53.41% of the total variance. The CFA performed on the second half of the sample (Sample 2, n = 150), showed that the two-factor model had acceptable fit. A one-factor and a bifactormodel were also tested. Good Cronbach’s alphas and significant test-retest reliability were observed in the scale. Concurrent validity of the scale was established through the correlation PSS-B with PSQ-B. Convergent and discriminant validities were established through inter-factor correlations as well as the scores of composite reliability, average variance extraction, average shared variance, and maximum shared variance. The results support the use of PSS-B with a two-factor structure as a reliable and valid measure to assess perceived stress of Bangladeshi people.

Keywords: Perceived Stress Scale, Psychometric properties of PSS-B, Reliability of PSS-B, Validity of PSS-B

Address: Md. Nurul Islam, Ph.D., Department of Psychology, University of Chittagong, Chittagong-4331, Chittagong, Bangladesh. E-mail: mnipsy@cu.ac.bd

Differences in life-satisfaction, optimism and pessimism between hypertensive and non-hypertensive adults

Attila Szabo* & Tamás Bőhm**
*ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary
**Semmelweis University, Hungary


Cross-national epidemiological research reveals that life satisfaction is related to blood pressure status.While no studies have yet distinguished hypertensive and normotensive individuals in terms of life satisfaction, limited evidence suggests that the former might differ in optimism and pessimism from the latter. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to test the hypothesis that hypertensive adults differ in life satisfaction, optimism and pessimism from the non-hypertensives. Individuals presenting themselves for a voluntary cardiovascular screening test (N = 128) were asked to complete three questionnaires assessing their satisfaction with life, optimism and pessimism. Based on their blood pressure readings, using the commonly accepted cut-off value of 140/90 mm Hg, participants were categorized as hypertensives and non-hypertensives and were compared on the dependent measures. A bootstrappedmultivariate analysis of covariance, using gender, bodymass index, smoking status and age as covariates, indicated that hypertensive participants reported lower life satisfaction and optimism than non-hypertensives. However, there was no difference in pessimism between the groups. These findings support the earlier epidemiological reports connecting life satisfaction and blood pressure status and expand those by showing that hypertensives differ from non-hypertensives in the subjective perception of their quality of life.

Keywords: Blood pressure, Hypertension, Optimism, Pessimism, Satisfaction with life

Address: Prof. Attila Szabo, Ph.D., D.Sc., Professor of Psychology, Institute of Health Promotion and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Education and Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, 1117 Budapest, Bogdánfy u. 10/B, Hungary. E-mail: szabo.attila@ppk.elte.hu

Author Note: Τhe data associated with the submitted report is available on the Mendeley data repository with doi number at the following link

Acknowledgement: Corvin Medical Centre in Budapest is thanked for its help in participant recruitment and permission to carry out the research in its private facilities. Viktoria Szőts is thanked for her data processing, coding and data-verification. Prof. Ferenc Köteles is thanked for his advice in the statistical analyses.

Investigating the locus of the phonological deficit in Greek children with dyslexia and developmental language disorder: Degraded phonological representations or deficient phonological access?

Maria Mengisidou
University College London, United Kingdom


The objective of the study was to investigate the locus of the phonological deficit in Greek children with dyslexia and Developmental Language Disorder (hereafter children with DDLD) by testing the Degraded Phonological Representations Hypothesis and the Deficient Phonological Access Hypothesis. Sixty-six children with DDLD aged 7-12 years and 63 typically developing (TD) children aged 7-12 years, all monolingual Greek speakers, were assessed with phoneme deletion, nonword repetition, rapid automatic naming, and spelling tasks, in addition to a range of language and reading tasks. The DDLD group performed significantly poorly on phoneme deletion tasks loading on phonological short-term memory capacity. Further, a qualitative analysis of spelling errors revealed that themajority of errors (96%)made by the DDLD group did not change the phonology of the spelled words, showing that mainly nonphonological difficulties account for poor spelling accuracy performance in Greek children with DDLD. The findings are consistent with the view that phonological representations of children with dyslexia and DLD are intact, but less accessible.

Keywords: Developmental language disorder, Dyslexia, Phonological deficit, Spelling accuracy

Address: Maria Mengisidou, UCL Institute of Education, University College London, 20 BedfordWay, LondonWC1H 0AL, UK. E-mail: maria.mengisidou.14@alumni.ucl.ac.uk

Suffering bullying passively is to be excluded from humanity: You are not human unless you stand up for yourself

Kyriaki Fousiani*, †Maria Sakalaki**, & Clive Richardson**
*Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Netherlands
**Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences, Greece


Two experiments were conducted in order to test whether suffering as a result of bullying affects the perceived humanness of the victims. We hypothesized that observers who are confronted with suffering and passive endurance of victimization will view victims as less than human. We propose a double dehumanization of victims, that is, denial of both their human uniqueness and human nature.We also hypothesized that victims’ defending themselves and deploying agency rather than passivity, has a humanizing effect on observers’ perceptions of the victims. Suffering wasmanipulated via vignettes describing bullying incidents experienced by both children and adult victims. Study 1 (N = 197) fully corroborated our first hypothesis. Study 2 (N = 164) replicated the findings of Study 1 and additionally showed that victims’ defense of themselves before harm-doers had a doubly humanizing effect on them (i.e., attribution of higher uniquely human but also human nature traits). These results provided support to our second hypothesis. Findings are discussed in terms of perceivers’ detachment from those who display passivity instead of agency in conditions that involve suffering.

Keywords: Bullying, Dehumanization,Human nature,Human uniqueness, Passivity vs. agency, Social suffering, Victims

Address: Kyriaki Fousiani, Faculty of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. E-mail: k.fousiani@rug.nl

Note: †Professor Dr. Maria Sakalaki passed away in September 2019. She had been a valued member of our team and will be missed. The present article is the last publication of Maria Sakalaki and we wish to dedicate it to her memory.